The full form of CLAT is the Common Law Admission Test. CLAT
is a common national-level government entrance test. It is conducted for candidates seeking admissions to national law universities in India in undergraduate and post graduate law courses. These law courses are offered at 22National Level Universities and other colleges and universities. Besides admissions to government law schools, the CLAT SCORE is acceptable at private and self financed law schools in India. The CLAT test is conducted in law schools after the 12th grade or Higher Secondary Examination for admission to integrated U.G. programs and after graduation in law LLM (Law for Master of Laws) in law schools.
CLAT exam was carried out by National Level Universities on rotational basis till 2018 but from 2019 it is conducted by a permanent examining body formed by various universities i.e. The Consortium of NLUs with its headquarter at NLSIU Bangalore. The head quarter comprise of:
- An Executive Committee
- The CLAT Convener of the current year (DNLU Jabalpur for CLAT 2020)
- The CLAT Convener of the following year
- Two co-opted Vice-Chancellors of NLU
For appearing in CLAT exam
, candidates are supposed to fulfill the eligibility criteria as under: -
CLAT Eligibility for five-year integrated courses:
CLAT Eligibility for three-year courses:
- The candidates who have completed 10+2 or equivalent examination for national or state board of education.
- The candidates should have obtained minimum 45% marks if belonging to General/ Other Backward Class (OBC) / Specially-abled categories and 40% marks if belonging to Scheduled Class (SC) / Scheduled Tribe (ST) categories.
- According to Bar Council of India (BCI), there is no age limit to apply for CLAT 2020, as they have removed the upper of lower age limit criteria for admission to law courses.
- Five year integrated course BA LLB is offered to the candidates with the qualification of 10+2
CLAT Eligibility for one-year courses:
- Three year integrated LLB DEGREE COURSE is offered to the candidates who have completed a bachelor degree for three years.
- Besides being a graduate candidate must have a valid entrance exam score for PG Law admissions from any of the law entrance exams prevailing such as AILET, CLAT, LSAT and others.
Admission to diploma and certificate law admissions is on the basis of class 12th marks. The admission criteria may vary from institute to institute for admission to diploma and certificate law courses.
There is no age limit to appear in CLAT UG or PG programmes.
CLAT EXAM Highlights:
Colleges accepting CLAT scores
|Name of the Exam
||Common Law Admission Test
|Frequency of the Exam
||Once a year
|Mode of the Examination
|Duration of the exam
|Number of Colleges accepting CLAT SCORE
CLAT is conducted for admissions to 21 NLUs
and more than 50 private law colleges in India. Below is the list of colleges participating in CLAT Scores:
Courses offered through CLAT 2020
|National Law University, Jodhpur
||National Academy of Legal Study & Research (NALSAR) University of Law, Hyderabad
|The West Bengal National University of Juridical Sciences, Kolkata
||National Law Institute University, Bhopal
|Dr B R Ambedkar National Law University Sonipat, Haryana
||Hidayatullah National Law University, Raipur
|Gujarat National Law University, Gandhinagar
||Dr Ram ManoharLohiya National Law University, Lucknow
|Rajiv Gandhi National University of Law, Patiala
||Chanakya National Law University Patna
|National University of Advanced Legal Studies, Kochi
||National Law University Odisha, Cuttack
|National University of Study & Research in Law, Ranchi
||National Law University & Judicial Academy, Assam
|Damodaram Sanjivayya National Law University (DSNLU) Visakhapatnam
||The Tamil Nadu National Law School, Tiruchirapalli
|Maharashtra National Law University, Mumbai
||Maharashtra National Law University, Nagpur
|Maharashtra National Law University, Aurangabad
||Himachal Pradesh National Law University, Shimla
|Dharmashastra National Law University, Jabalpur
There are mainly 2 courses offered by The National Law Universities (NLUs) in India and other top law colleges which are five-year integrated LLB courses, as well as LLM courses on the basis of scores achieved in CLAT.
Given are the offered Courses:
- BA LLB (Bachelor of Arts LLB)
- BSc LLB (Bachelor of Science LLB)
- BCom LLB (Bachelor of Commerce LLB)
- BBA LLB (Bachelor of Business Administration LLB)
- BSW LLB (Bachelor of Social Work LLB)
- LLM (Master of Laws)
Candidates looking for admissions to NLUs or law schools accepting CLAT scores follow the following steps:
Step 1: To fill in the Online application
The CLAT conglomerate invites the application forms in online mode on the official website. Candidates looking for admissions in the course of CLAT exam need to apply before the last date of application after carrying out each step including, registration, filling up the form, uploading documents and fee payment.
Step 2: Issue of admit card
The candidates who have effectively filled and submitted the application form of CLAT
will be issued admit card to take the examination. It will statethe details of the candidate, exam centre name and location, and test schedule.
Step 3: Protocol to appear for the exam
Candidates need to appear for the entrance exam at the allotted test centres of CLAT 2020 at the test timings mentioned in the CLAT ADMIT CARD
. Aspirants need to report to their respective test centres an hour before the scheduled time of the exam. They must carry the ADMIT CARD and a valid Photo ID proof with them as it is mandatory for the entry in the examination hall.
Step 4: Results Declaration
The conglomerate will broadcast results of CLAT on the official website along with a provisional merit list for each National Level University.
Step 5: Admission process
Thecounseling process of CLAT will follow online mode with provisional seat allotment on the basis of the first merit list. The candidates have to authenticate their seat after document verification and payment of counseling-cum-admission fee.
The question paper of CLAT 2020 has a total of 150 questions with five sections namely English including Comprehension, Current Affairs including General Knowledge , Logical Reasoning, Legal Reasoning and Quantitative Techniques.
The section-wise allocation of the CLAT exam pattern
is as under:
||MCQs Per Section
||Marks allotted per section
||English including Comprehension
||28 - 32 MCQs
||28 - 32 marks
||Current Affairs including General Knowledge
||35 - 39 MCQs
||35 - 39 marks
||35 - 39 MCQs
||35 - 39 marks
||28 - 32 MCQs
||28 - 32 marks
||Quantitative Techniques (Elementry mathematics up to class 10th)
||13 - 17 MCQs
||13 - 17 marks
CLAT Marking Scheme
The marking scheme of CLAT is as follows:
- One mark is awarded to the candidates for every correct answer.
- For every wrong attempt, 0.25 marks are subtracted from their total score.
- No marks will be awarded or deducted to the candidates for the questions they do not attempt.
CLAT Syllabus Section-Wise
Candidates desirous of taking CLAT exam may check below the section-wise CLAT exam syllabus
for each section to get the guideline to prepare effective study strategy for the exam preparations.
Section 1: English including Comprehension
Language proficiency is examined in English section. The questions are framed in the same pattern in the form of comprehension passages
. Comprehension section enables to evaluate understanding of the passage, the central theme, meanings of words used in the passage etc. The grammar section needs correction of incorrect grammatical sentences, filling of blanks in sentences with appropriate words, etc.
- There will be reading comprehension passages of 450 words based on the contemporary, historically momentous fiction and non-fiction writing
- The passages will devour 5-7 minutes to read and understand it
Section 2: General Knowledge and Current Affairs
In this section, candidates are assessed on the basis of their general awareness including static general knowledge. Current affair questions analyses a candidate’s knowledge about the events occurring countrywide as well as internationally. To prepare for this section, candidates are recommended to keep them updated with news and other topics discussed in the recent news.
- This section will also comprises of passages of around 450 words that are based on news, journalistic sources and other non-fiction writings
- The passages will transmit legal information and knowledge in additionto the existing events in India and the world, arts and culture, world affairs as well as historical events of continuing implication.
Section 3: Quantitative Techniques
In this sectionelementary mathematics topics up to Class 10th standard will be asked. The section will comprise of passages based on short sets of facts, propositions, graphs, pictorials, textual or diagrammatic representation of numerical data. Candidates encompass to endeavor the objective-type of questions based by scheming the in sequence. The candidates have to obtain, infer and influence the numerical data which will be based on ratios and proportions, basic algebra, mensuration, and statistics.
Section 4: Legal Aptitude
This section will comprise of passages of around 450 words and will be based on the legal matters, public policy questions or moral philosophical enquiries. The questions will be based on general awareness of contemporary legal and moral issues, therefore, candidates with little or no knowledge of law subjects can endeavor the section effortlessly. They need to read and deduce the rules and principles and facts based situations to endeavor the questions.
Section 5: Logical Reasoning
The logical reasoning section of CLAT will comprise of passages of around 300 words based on relationships, analogies, logical sequences and arguments. Candidates are required to significantlyanalyze the arguments, the pattern of reasoning, identify contradictions and then terminate the influence
Q. What is CLAT EXAM?
A: CLAT is the national-level law entrance exam which is held once in a year for the aspirants who are desirous of taking admissions to 22 national law universities in India in undergraduate and post graduate law courses.
Q. What is the mode of CLAT EXAM: online or offline?
A: CLAT EXAM is conducted in online mode.
Q: When will be the CLAT exam held?
A: The national-level law entrance exam is generally held in the month of August-September every year.
Q: Is CLAT a difficult exam?
A: The national-level law entrance exam is considered to be one of the difficult admission or entrance exams in India because of diverse reasons such as competition, exam pattern, number of seats and cut off marks. The CLAT EXAM 2020 conducted in September 2020 had witnessed some changes in the exam pattern implemented by the Consortium of NLUs. These changes are implemented with a view to make CLAT Exam easier than before for the aspirants.
Q: Is mathematics compulsory for CLAT?
A: No it is not mandatory to have studied mathematics in STD 12th
according to the eligibility criteria of CLAT exam. The question paper does comprise of a section based on mathematics in the name of ELEMENTARY MATHEMATICS. It is based on the class 12th
syllabus with only basic numerical ability topics.
Q: Where can I download previous question papers of CLAT?
A: Applicants while filling up the application for CLAT EXAM can ask for previous year question papers by paying an additional fee. One can ask for the same from any of the reputed CLAT COACHING INSTITUTES as they have a collection of the same. It will be provided free of cost to the registered candidates of the respective coaching institute.
Q: Which is the trickiest section of the CLAT exam?
A: CLAT EXAM comprises of four sections such as Quantitative Techniques, English, Current Affairs, Deductive Reasoning and Logical Reasoning. There is no such parameter to evaluate the tricky aspect of any of the sections because it entirely depends upon the preparations done by the candidates.
Q: Is the legal aptitude section removed from CLAT question paper?
A: No, the question paper of CLAT does carry questions from 'Legal Reasoning' section.
Q: What are the subjects asked in the question paper of CLAT LLM?
A: The subjects asked in CLAT LLM/ PG question paper are Constitutional Law, Contract, Torts, Criminal Law, International Law, IPR and Jurisprudence, Law topics and Contemporary Issues.